Geographical patterns in phylogenetic diversity of Chinese woody plants and its application for conservation planning

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Geographical patterns in phylogenetic diversity of Chinese woody plants and its application for conservation planning. / Cai, Hongyu; Lyu, Lisha; Shrestha, Nawal; Tang, Zhiyao; Su, Xiangyan; Xu, Xiaoting; Dimitrov, Dimitar; Wang, Zhiheng.

In: Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2021, p. 179-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Cai, H, Lyu, L, Shrestha, N, Tang, Z, Su, X, Xu, X, Dimitrov, D & Wang, Z 2021, 'Geographical patterns in phylogenetic diversity of Chinese woody plants and its application for conservation planning', Diversity and Distributions, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 179-194. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13180

APA

Cai, H., Lyu, L., Shrestha, N., Tang, Z., Su, X., Xu, X., ... Wang, Z. (2021). Geographical patterns in phylogenetic diversity of Chinese woody plants and its application for conservation planning. Diversity and Distributions, 27(1), 179-194. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13180

Vancouver

Cai H, Lyu L, Shrestha N, Tang Z, Su X, Xu X et al. Geographical patterns in phylogenetic diversity of Chinese woody plants and its application for conservation planning. Diversity and Distributions. 2021;27(1):179-194. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13180

Author

Cai, Hongyu ; Lyu, Lisha ; Shrestha, Nawal ; Tang, Zhiyao ; Su, Xiangyan ; Xu, Xiaoting ; Dimitrov, Dimitar ; Wang, Zhiheng. / Geographical patterns in phylogenetic diversity of Chinese woody plants and its application for conservation planning. In: Diversity and Distributions. 2021 ; Vol. 27, No. 1. pp. 179-194.

Bibtex

@article{5768866eb3474e049446212ab195fad9,
title = "Geographical patterns in phylogenetic diversity of Chinese woody plants and its application for conservation planning",
abstract = "Aim Biodiversity hotspots are widely used as conservation priorities to preserve the tree of life. However, many conservation practices identify biodiversity hotspots without considering phylogenetic diversity (PD), which reflects total evolutionary history and feature diversity of a region. Moreover, conservation planning rarely distinguishes between neo- and palaeo-biodiversity hotspots despite their differences. Here, we (a) estimated large-scale patterns in PD of woody plants, (b) identified neo- and palaeo-biodiversity hotspots and (c) demonstrated their implication in conservation planning, with special focus on Hengduan Mountains and southern China.Location China.Methods Distributions of 11,405 woody species from the Atlas of Woody Plants in China were updated and were transformed into a grid of 50 x 50 km(2). By integrating distribution maps with a genus-level phylogeny of angiosperms, we estimated Faith's PD of each grid cell and evaluated the contribution of species relatedness to PD at given levels of species diversity (i.e. standardized PD, sPD) using regressions and three null models. Then, we identified areas with significantly lower or higher sPD than expected as neo- and palaeo-hotspots and estimated the coverage of protected areas in these regions.Results Species diversity and PD decreased towards the north. Southern China had high species diversity, PD and sPD, while Hengduan Mountains had high species diversity and PD but low sPD. The coverage of protected areas in southern China was less than half of that in Hengduan Mountains and entire China.Main conclusions Our results identified Hengduan Mountains as a neo-hotspot and southern China as a palaeo-hotspot, highlighting their importance for biodiversity conservation. Compared to Hengduan Mountains, southern China has low coverage of protected areas, which calls for more conservation attention. Our study demonstrates a way of incorporating the phylogenetic component in the identification of neo- and palaeo-hotspots, and hence of achieving a more complete perception of biodiversity patterns for conserving the tree of life.",
keywords = "biodiversity hotspots, biological conservation planning, Hengduan Mountains, phylogenetic diversity, species richness pattern, woody plants, EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY, SYSTEMATIC CONSERVATION, PROTECTED AREAS, SPECIES POOLS, EASTERN ASIA, BIODIVERSITY, DIVERSIFICATION, HOTSPOTS, UPLIFT, TREE",
author = "Hongyu Cai and Lisha Lyu and Nawal Shrestha and Zhiyao Tang and Xiangyan Su and Xiaoting Xu and Dimitar Dimitrov and Zhiheng Wang",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1111/ddi.13180",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "179--194",
journal = "Diversity and Distributions",
issn = "1366-9516",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Geographical patterns in phylogenetic diversity of Chinese woody plants and its application for conservation planning

AU - Cai, Hongyu

AU - Lyu, Lisha

AU - Shrestha, Nawal

AU - Tang, Zhiyao

AU - Su, Xiangyan

AU - Xu, Xiaoting

AU - Dimitrov, Dimitar

AU - Wang, Zhiheng

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Aim Biodiversity hotspots are widely used as conservation priorities to preserve the tree of life. However, many conservation practices identify biodiversity hotspots without considering phylogenetic diversity (PD), which reflects total evolutionary history and feature diversity of a region. Moreover, conservation planning rarely distinguishes between neo- and palaeo-biodiversity hotspots despite their differences. Here, we (a) estimated large-scale patterns in PD of woody plants, (b) identified neo- and palaeo-biodiversity hotspots and (c) demonstrated their implication in conservation planning, with special focus on Hengduan Mountains and southern China.Location China.Methods Distributions of 11,405 woody species from the Atlas of Woody Plants in China were updated and were transformed into a grid of 50 x 50 km(2). By integrating distribution maps with a genus-level phylogeny of angiosperms, we estimated Faith's PD of each grid cell and evaluated the contribution of species relatedness to PD at given levels of species diversity (i.e. standardized PD, sPD) using regressions and three null models. Then, we identified areas with significantly lower or higher sPD than expected as neo- and palaeo-hotspots and estimated the coverage of protected areas in these regions.Results Species diversity and PD decreased towards the north. Southern China had high species diversity, PD and sPD, while Hengduan Mountains had high species diversity and PD but low sPD. The coverage of protected areas in southern China was less than half of that in Hengduan Mountains and entire China.Main conclusions Our results identified Hengduan Mountains as a neo-hotspot and southern China as a palaeo-hotspot, highlighting their importance for biodiversity conservation. Compared to Hengduan Mountains, southern China has low coverage of protected areas, which calls for more conservation attention. Our study demonstrates a way of incorporating the phylogenetic component in the identification of neo- and palaeo-hotspots, and hence of achieving a more complete perception of biodiversity patterns for conserving the tree of life.

AB - Aim Biodiversity hotspots are widely used as conservation priorities to preserve the tree of life. However, many conservation practices identify biodiversity hotspots without considering phylogenetic diversity (PD), which reflects total evolutionary history and feature diversity of a region. Moreover, conservation planning rarely distinguishes between neo- and palaeo-biodiversity hotspots despite their differences. Here, we (a) estimated large-scale patterns in PD of woody plants, (b) identified neo- and palaeo-biodiversity hotspots and (c) demonstrated their implication in conservation planning, with special focus on Hengduan Mountains and southern China.Location China.Methods Distributions of 11,405 woody species from the Atlas of Woody Plants in China were updated and were transformed into a grid of 50 x 50 km(2). By integrating distribution maps with a genus-level phylogeny of angiosperms, we estimated Faith's PD of each grid cell and evaluated the contribution of species relatedness to PD at given levels of species diversity (i.e. standardized PD, sPD) using regressions and three null models. Then, we identified areas with significantly lower or higher sPD than expected as neo- and palaeo-hotspots and estimated the coverage of protected areas in these regions.Results Species diversity and PD decreased towards the north. Southern China had high species diversity, PD and sPD, while Hengduan Mountains had high species diversity and PD but low sPD. The coverage of protected areas in southern China was less than half of that in Hengduan Mountains and entire China.Main conclusions Our results identified Hengduan Mountains as a neo-hotspot and southern China as a palaeo-hotspot, highlighting their importance for biodiversity conservation. Compared to Hengduan Mountains, southern China has low coverage of protected areas, which calls for more conservation attention. Our study demonstrates a way of incorporating the phylogenetic component in the identification of neo- and palaeo-hotspots, and hence of achieving a more complete perception of biodiversity patterns for conserving the tree of life.

KW - biodiversity hotspots

KW - biological conservation planning

KW - Hengduan Mountains

KW - phylogenetic diversity

KW - species richness pattern

KW - woody plants

KW - EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY

KW - SYSTEMATIC CONSERVATION

KW - PROTECTED AREAS

KW - SPECIES POOLS

KW - EASTERN ASIA

KW - BIODIVERSITY

KW - DIVERSIFICATION

KW - HOTSPOTS

KW - UPLIFT

KW - TREE

U2 - 10.1111/ddi.13180

DO - 10.1111/ddi.13180

M3 - Journal article

VL - 27

SP - 179

EP - 194

JO - Diversity and Distributions

JF - Diversity and Distributions

SN - 1366-9516

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 254772445