Human and cervid osseous materials used for barbed point manufacture in Mesolithic Doggerland

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Human and cervid osseous materials used for barbed point manufacture in Mesolithic Doggerland. / Dekker, Joannes; Sinet-Mathiot, Virginie; Spithoven, Merel; Smit, Bjørn; Wilcke, Arndt; Welker, Frido; Verpoorte, Alexander; Soressi, Marie.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Vol. 35, 102678, 02.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Dekker, J, Sinet-Mathiot, V, Spithoven, M, Smit, B, Wilcke, A, Welker, F, Verpoorte, A & Soressi, M 2021, 'Human and cervid osseous materials used for barbed point manufacture in Mesolithic Doggerland', Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, vol. 35, 102678. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2020.102678

APA

Dekker, J., Sinet-Mathiot, V., Spithoven, M., Smit, B., Wilcke, A., Welker, F., ... Soressi, M. (2021). Human and cervid osseous materials used for barbed point manufacture in Mesolithic Doggerland. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 35, [102678]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2020.102678

Vancouver

Dekker J, Sinet-Mathiot V, Spithoven M, Smit B, Wilcke A, Welker F et al. Human and cervid osseous materials used for barbed point manufacture in Mesolithic Doggerland. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 2021 Feb;35. 102678. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2020.102678

Author

Dekker, Joannes ; Sinet-Mathiot, Virginie ; Spithoven, Merel ; Smit, Bjørn ; Wilcke, Arndt ; Welker, Frido ; Verpoorte, Alexander ; Soressi, Marie. / Human and cervid osseous materials used for barbed point manufacture in Mesolithic Doggerland. In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 2021 ; Vol. 35.

Bibtex

@article{af077ccf5e5a42199034adf571b16394,
title = "Human and cervid osseous materials used for barbed point manufacture in Mesolithic Doggerland",
abstract = "Barbed bone points originally deposited in Doggerland are regularly collected from the shores of the Netherlands. Their typology and direct 14C dating suggest they are of Mesolithic age. However, the species of which the barbed points were made cannot be identified based on morphological criteria. The bones used to produce the barbed points have been intensively modified during manufacture, use, and post-depositional processes. Here, we taxonomically assess ten barbed points found on the Dutch shore using mass spectrometry and collagen peptide mass fingerprinting alongside newly acquired 14C ages and δ13C and δ15N measurements. Our results demonstrate a sufficient preservation of unmodified collagen for mass spectrometry-based taxonomic identifications of bone and antler artefacts which have been preserved in marine environments since the beginning of the Holocene. We show that Homo sapiens bones as well as Cervus elaphus bones and antlers were transformed into barbed points. The 14C dating of nine barbed points yielded uncalibrated ages between 9.5 and 7.3 ka 14C BP. The δ13C and δ15N values of the seven cervid bone points fall within the range of herbivores, recovered from the North Sea, whereas the two human bone points indicate a freshwater and/or terrestrial fauna diet. The wide-scale application of ZooMS is a critical next step towards revealing the selection of species for osseous-tool manufacture in the context of Mesolithic Doggerland, but also further afield. The selection of Cervus elaphus and human bone for manufacturing barbed points in Mesolithic Doggerland is unlikely to have been opportunistic and instead seems to be strategic in nature. Further, the occurrence of Homo sapiens and Cervus elaphus bones in our random and limited dataset suggests that the selection of these species for barbed point production was non-random and subject to specific criteria. By highlighting the transformation of human bones into barbed points – possibly used as weapons – our study provides additional evidence for the complex manipulation of human remains during the Mesolithic, now also evidenced in Doggerland.",
keywords = "Bone-point, Bone-tool, Doggerland, Human bone, Mesolithic, North Sea, Stable isotopes, ZooMS",
author = "Joannes Dekker and Virginie Sinet-Mathiot and Merel Spithoven and Bj{\o}rn Smit and Arndt Wilcke and Frido Welker and Alexander Verpoorte and Marie Soressi",
year = "2021",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.jasrep.2020.102678",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports",
issn = "2352-409X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Human and cervid osseous materials used for barbed point manufacture in Mesolithic Doggerland

AU - Dekker, Joannes

AU - Sinet-Mathiot, Virginie

AU - Spithoven, Merel

AU - Smit, Bjørn

AU - Wilcke, Arndt

AU - Welker, Frido

AU - Verpoorte, Alexander

AU - Soressi, Marie

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - Barbed bone points originally deposited in Doggerland are regularly collected from the shores of the Netherlands. Their typology and direct 14C dating suggest they are of Mesolithic age. However, the species of which the barbed points were made cannot be identified based on morphological criteria. The bones used to produce the barbed points have been intensively modified during manufacture, use, and post-depositional processes. Here, we taxonomically assess ten barbed points found on the Dutch shore using mass spectrometry and collagen peptide mass fingerprinting alongside newly acquired 14C ages and δ13C and δ15N measurements. Our results demonstrate a sufficient preservation of unmodified collagen for mass spectrometry-based taxonomic identifications of bone and antler artefacts which have been preserved in marine environments since the beginning of the Holocene. We show that Homo sapiens bones as well as Cervus elaphus bones and antlers were transformed into barbed points. The 14C dating of nine barbed points yielded uncalibrated ages between 9.5 and 7.3 ka 14C BP. The δ13C and δ15N values of the seven cervid bone points fall within the range of herbivores, recovered from the North Sea, whereas the two human bone points indicate a freshwater and/or terrestrial fauna diet. The wide-scale application of ZooMS is a critical next step towards revealing the selection of species for osseous-tool manufacture in the context of Mesolithic Doggerland, but also further afield. The selection of Cervus elaphus and human bone for manufacturing barbed points in Mesolithic Doggerland is unlikely to have been opportunistic and instead seems to be strategic in nature. Further, the occurrence of Homo sapiens and Cervus elaphus bones in our random and limited dataset suggests that the selection of these species for barbed point production was non-random and subject to specific criteria. By highlighting the transformation of human bones into barbed points – possibly used as weapons – our study provides additional evidence for the complex manipulation of human remains during the Mesolithic, now also evidenced in Doggerland.

AB - Barbed bone points originally deposited in Doggerland are regularly collected from the shores of the Netherlands. Their typology and direct 14C dating suggest they are of Mesolithic age. However, the species of which the barbed points were made cannot be identified based on morphological criteria. The bones used to produce the barbed points have been intensively modified during manufacture, use, and post-depositional processes. Here, we taxonomically assess ten barbed points found on the Dutch shore using mass spectrometry and collagen peptide mass fingerprinting alongside newly acquired 14C ages and δ13C and δ15N measurements. Our results demonstrate a sufficient preservation of unmodified collagen for mass spectrometry-based taxonomic identifications of bone and antler artefacts which have been preserved in marine environments since the beginning of the Holocene. We show that Homo sapiens bones as well as Cervus elaphus bones and antlers were transformed into barbed points. The 14C dating of nine barbed points yielded uncalibrated ages between 9.5 and 7.3 ka 14C BP. The δ13C and δ15N values of the seven cervid bone points fall within the range of herbivores, recovered from the North Sea, whereas the two human bone points indicate a freshwater and/or terrestrial fauna diet. The wide-scale application of ZooMS is a critical next step towards revealing the selection of species for osseous-tool manufacture in the context of Mesolithic Doggerland, but also further afield. The selection of Cervus elaphus and human bone for manufacturing barbed points in Mesolithic Doggerland is unlikely to have been opportunistic and instead seems to be strategic in nature. Further, the occurrence of Homo sapiens and Cervus elaphus bones in our random and limited dataset suggests that the selection of these species for barbed point production was non-random and subject to specific criteria. By highlighting the transformation of human bones into barbed points – possibly used as weapons – our study provides additional evidence for the complex manipulation of human remains during the Mesolithic, now also evidenced in Doggerland.

KW - Bone-point

KW - Bone-tool

KW - Doggerland

KW - Human bone

KW - Mesolithic

KW - North Sea

KW - Stable isotopes

KW - ZooMS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85096874264&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jasrep.2020.102678

DO - 10.1016/j.jasrep.2020.102678

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85096874264

VL - 35

JO - Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

JF - Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

SN - 2352-409X

M1 - 102678

ER -

ID: 252982193