Pluridisciplinary evidence for burial for the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal child

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Pluridisciplinary evidence for burial for the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal child. / Balzeau, Antoine; Turq, Alain; Talamo, Sahra; Daujeard, Camille; Guérin, Guillaume; Welker, Frido; Crevecoeur, Isabelle; Fewlass, Helen; Hublin, Jean-Jacques; Lahaye, Christelle; Maureille, Bruno; Meyer, Matthias; Schwab, Catherine; Gómez-Olivencia, Asier.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 10, No. 1, 21230, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Balzeau, A, Turq, A, Talamo, S, Daujeard, C, Guérin, G, Welker, F, Crevecoeur, I, Fewlass, H, Hublin, J-J, Lahaye, C, Maureille, B, Meyer, M, Schwab, C & Gómez-Olivencia, A 2020, 'Pluridisciplinary evidence for burial for the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal child', Scientific Reports, vol. 10, no. 1, 21230. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-77611-z

APA

Balzeau, A., Turq, A., Talamo, S., Daujeard, C., Guérin, G., Welker, F., ... Gómez-Olivencia, A. (2020). Pluridisciplinary evidence for burial for the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal child. Scientific Reports, 10(1), [21230]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-77611-z

Vancouver

Balzeau A, Turq A, Talamo S, Daujeard C, Guérin G, Welker F et al. Pluridisciplinary evidence for burial for the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal child. Scientific Reports. 2020;10(1). 21230. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-77611-z

Author

Balzeau, Antoine ; Turq, Alain ; Talamo, Sahra ; Daujeard, Camille ; Guérin, Guillaume ; Welker, Frido ; Crevecoeur, Isabelle ; Fewlass, Helen ; Hublin, Jean-Jacques ; Lahaye, Christelle ; Maureille, Bruno ; Meyer, Matthias ; Schwab, Catherine ; Gómez-Olivencia, Asier. / Pluridisciplinary evidence for burial for the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal child. In: Scientific Reports. 2020 ; Vol. 10, No. 1.

Bibtex

@article{b8e708fa29f04d61b349e4e367a4e241,
title = "Pluridisciplinary evidence for burial for the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal child",
abstract = "The origin of funerary practices has important implications for the emergence of so-called modern cognitive capacities and behaviour. We provide new multidisciplinary information on the archaeological context of the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal skeleton (grand abri of La Ferrassie, Dordogne, France), including geochronological data -14C and OSL-, ZooMS and ancient DNA data, geological and stratigraphic information from the surrounding context, complete taphonomic study of the skeleton and associated remains, spatial information from the 1968-1973 excavations, and new (2014) fieldwork data. Our results show that a pit was dug in a sterile sediment layer and the corpse of a two-year-old child was laid there. A hominin bone from this context, identified through Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS) and associated with Neandertal based on its mitochondrial DNA, yielded a direct 14C age of 41.7-40.8 ka cal BP (95{\%}), younger than the 14C dates of the overlying archaeopaleontological layers and the OSL age of the surrounding sediment. This age makes the bone one of the most recent directly dated Neandertals. It is consistent with the age range for the Ch{\^a}telperronian in the site and in this region and represents the third association of Neandertal taxa to Initial Upper Palaeolithic lithic technocomplex in Western Europe. A detailed multidisciplinary approach, as presented here, is essential to advance understanding of Neandertal behavior, including funerary practices.",
author = "Antoine Balzeau and Alain Turq and Sahra Talamo and Camille Daujeard and Guillaume Gu{\'e}rin and Frido Welker and Isabelle Crevecoeur and Helen Fewlass and Jean-Jacques Hublin and Christelle Lahaye and Bruno Maureille and Matthias Meyer and Catherine Schwab and Asier G{\'o}mez-Olivencia",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-020-77611-z",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "nature publishing group",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pluridisciplinary evidence for burial for the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal child

AU - Balzeau, Antoine

AU - Turq, Alain

AU - Talamo, Sahra

AU - Daujeard, Camille

AU - Guérin, Guillaume

AU - Welker, Frido

AU - Crevecoeur, Isabelle

AU - Fewlass, Helen

AU - Hublin, Jean-Jacques

AU - Lahaye, Christelle

AU - Maureille, Bruno

AU - Meyer, Matthias

AU - Schwab, Catherine

AU - Gómez-Olivencia, Asier

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - The origin of funerary practices has important implications for the emergence of so-called modern cognitive capacities and behaviour. We provide new multidisciplinary information on the archaeological context of the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal skeleton (grand abri of La Ferrassie, Dordogne, France), including geochronological data -14C and OSL-, ZooMS and ancient DNA data, geological and stratigraphic information from the surrounding context, complete taphonomic study of the skeleton and associated remains, spatial information from the 1968-1973 excavations, and new (2014) fieldwork data. Our results show that a pit was dug in a sterile sediment layer and the corpse of a two-year-old child was laid there. A hominin bone from this context, identified through Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS) and associated with Neandertal based on its mitochondrial DNA, yielded a direct 14C age of 41.7-40.8 ka cal BP (95%), younger than the 14C dates of the overlying archaeopaleontological layers and the OSL age of the surrounding sediment. This age makes the bone one of the most recent directly dated Neandertals. It is consistent with the age range for the Châtelperronian in the site and in this region and represents the third association of Neandertal taxa to Initial Upper Palaeolithic lithic technocomplex in Western Europe. A detailed multidisciplinary approach, as presented here, is essential to advance understanding of Neandertal behavior, including funerary practices.

AB - The origin of funerary practices has important implications for the emergence of so-called modern cognitive capacities and behaviour. We provide new multidisciplinary information on the archaeological context of the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal skeleton (grand abri of La Ferrassie, Dordogne, France), including geochronological data -14C and OSL-, ZooMS and ancient DNA data, geological and stratigraphic information from the surrounding context, complete taphonomic study of the skeleton and associated remains, spatial information from the 1968-1973 excavations, and new (2014) fieldwork data. Our results show that a pit was dug in a sterile sediment layer and the corpse of a two-year-old child was laid there. A hominin bone from this context, identified through Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS) and associated with Neandertal based on its mitochondrial DNA, yielded a direct 14C age of 41.7-40.8 ka cal BP (95%), younger than the 14C dates of the overlying archaeopaleontological layers and the OSL age of the surrounding sediment. This age makes the bone one of the most recent directly dated Neandertals. It is consistent with the age range for the Châtelperronian in the site and in this region and represents the third association of Neandertal taxa to Initial Upper Palaeolithic lithic technocomplex in Western Europe. A detailed multidisciplinary approach, as presented here, is essential to advance understanding of Neandertal behavior, including funerary practices.

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-020-77611-z

DO - 10.1038/s41598-020-77611-z

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33299013

VL - 10

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

M1 - 21230

ER -

ID: 253131543