Species richness is more important for ecosystem functioning than species turnover along an elevational gradient

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Species richness is more important for ecosystem functioning than species turnover along an elevational gradient. / Albrecht, Jörg; Peters, Marcell K.; Becker, Joscha N.; Behler, Christina; Classen, Alice; Ensslin, Andreas; Ferger, Stefan W.; Gebert, Friederike; Gerschlauer, Friederike; Helbig-Bonitz, Maria; Kindeketa, William J.; Kühnel, Anna; Mayr, Antonia V.; Njovu, Henry K.; Pabst, Holger; Pommer, Ulf; Röder, Juliane; Rutten, Gemma; Schellenberger Costa, David; Sierra-Cornejo, Natalia; Vogeler, Anna; Vollstädt, Maximilian G. R.; Dulle, Hamadi I.; Eardley, Connal D.; Howell, Kim M.; Keller, Alexander; Peters, Ralph S.; Kakengi, Victor; Hemp, Claudia; Zhang, Jie; Manning, Peter; Mueller, Thomas; Bogner, Christina; Böhning-Gaese, Katrin; Brandl, Roland; Hertel, Dietrich; Huwe, Bernd; Kiese, Ralf; Kleyer, Michael; Leuschner, Christoph; Kuzyakov, Yakov; Nauss, Thomas; Tschapka, Marco; Fischer, Markus; Hemp, Andreas; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf; Schleuning, Matthias.

In: Nature Ecology and Evolution, 20.09.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Albrecht, J, Peters, MK, Becker, JN, Behler, C, Classen, A, Ensslin, A, Ferger, SW, Gebert, F, Gerschlauer, F, Helbig-Bonitz, M, Kindeketa, WJ, Kühnel, A, Mayr, AV, Njovu, HK, Pabst, H, Pommer, U, Röder, J, Rutten, G, Schellenberger Costa, D, Sierra-Cornejo, N, Vogeler, A, Vollstädt, MGR, Dulle, HI, Eardley, CD, Howell, KM, Keller, A, Peters, RS, Kakengi, V, Hemp, C, Zhang, J, Manning, P, Mueller, T, Bogner, C, Böhning-Gaese, K, Brandl, R, Hertel, D, Huwe, B, Kiese, R, Kleyer, M, Leuschner, C, Kuzyakov, Y, Nauss, T, Tschapka, M, Fischer, M, Hemp, A, Steffan-Dewenter, I & Schleuning, M 2021, 'Species richness is more important for ecosystem functioning than species turnover along an elevational gradient', Nature Ecology and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-021-01550-9

APA

Albrecht, J., Peters, M. K., Becker, J. N., Behler, C., Classen, A., Ensslin, A., Ferger, S. W., Gebert, F., Gerschlauer, F., Helbig-Bonitz, M., Kindeketa, W. J., Kühnel, A., Mayr, A. V., Njovu, H. K., Pabst, H., Pommer, U., Röder, J., Rutten, G., Schellenberger Costa, D., ... Schleuning, M. (2021). Species richness is more important for ecosystem functioning than species turnover along an elevational gradient. Nature Ecology and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-021-01550-9

Vancouver

Albrecht J, Peters MK, Becker JN, Behler C, Classen A, Ensslin A et al. Species richness is more important for ecosystem functioning than species turnover along an elevational gradient. Nature Ecology and Evolution. 2021 Sep 20. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-021-01550-9

Author

Albrecht, Jörg ; Peters, Marcell K. ; Becker, Joscha N. ; Behler, Christina ; Classen, Alice ; Ensslin, Andreas ; Ferger, Stefan W. ; Gebert, Friederike ; Gerschlauer, Friederike ; Helbig-Bonitz, Maria ; Kindeketa, William J. ; Kühnel, Anna ; Mayr, Antonia V. ; Njovu, Henry K. ; Pabst, Holger ; Pommer, Ulf ; Röder, Juliane ; Rutten, Gemma ; Schellenberger Costa, David ; Sierra-Cornejo, Natalia ; Vogeler, Anna ; Vollstädt, Maximilian G. R. ; Dulle, Hamadi I. ; Eardley, Connal D. ; Howell, Kim M. ; Keller, Alexander ; Peters, Ralph S. ; Kakengi, Victor ; Hemp, Claudia ; Zhang, Jie ; Manning, Peter ; Mueller, Thomas ; Bogner, Christina ; Böhning-Gaese, Katrin ; Brandl, Roland ; Hertel, Dietrich ; Huwe, Bernd ; Kiese, Ralf ; Kleyer, Michael ; Leuschner, Christoph ; Kuzyakov, Yakov ; Nauss, Thomas ; Tschapka, Marco ; Fischer, Markus ; Hemp, Andreas ; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf ; Schleuning, Matthias. / Species richness is more important for ecosystem functioning than species turnover along an elevational gradient. In: Nature Ecology and Evolution. 2021.

Bibtex

@article{8c3deac57caa4e4e958b3bc90c2a1360,
title = "Species richness is more important for ecosystem functioning than species turnover along an elevational gradient",
abstract = "Many experiments have shown that biodiversity enhances ecosystem functioning. However, we have little understanding of how environmental heterogeneity shapes the effect of diversity on ecosystem functioning and to what extent this diversity effect is mediated by variation in species richness or species turnover. This knowledge is crucial to scaling up the results of experiments from local to regional scales. Here we quantify the diversity effect and its components—that is, the contributions of variation in species richness and species turnover—for 22 ecosystem functions of microorganisms, plants and animals across 13 major ecosystem types on Mt Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Environmental heterogeneity across ecosystem types on average increased the diversity effect from explaining 49% to 72% of the variation in ecosystem functions. In contrast to our expectation, the diversity effect was more strongly mediated by variation in species richness than by species turnover. Our findings reveal that environmental heterogeneity strengthens the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and that species richness is a stronger driver of ecosystem functioning than species turnover. Based on a broad range of taxa and ecosystem functions in a non-experimental system, these results are in line with predictions from biodiversity experiments and emphasize that conserving biodiversity is essential for maintaining ecosystem functioning.",
author = "J{\"o}rg Albrecht and Peters, {Marcell K.} and Becker, {Joscha N.} and Christina Behler and Alice Classen and Andreas Ensslin and Ferger, {Stefan W.} and Friederike Gebert and Friederike Gerschlauer and Maria Helbig-Bonitz and Kindeketa, {William J.} and Anna K{\"u}hnel and Mayr, {Antonia V.} and Njovu, {Henry K.} and Holger Pabst and Ulf Pommer and Juliane R{\"o}der and Gemma Rutten and {Schellenberger Costa}, David and Natalia Sierra-Cornejo and Anna Vogeler and Vollst{\"a}dt, {Maximilian G. R.} and Dulle, {Hamadi I.} and Eardley, {Connal D.} and Howell, {Kim M.} and Alexander Keller and Peters, {Ralph S.} and Victor Kakengi and Claudia Hemp and Jie Zhang and Peter Manning and Thomas Mueller and Christina Bogner and Katrin B{\"o}hning-Gaese and Roland Brandl and Dietrich Hertel and Bernd Huwe and Ralf Kiese and Michael Kleyer and Christoph Leuschner and Yakov Kuzyakov and Thomas Nauss and Marco Tschapka and Markus Fischer and Andreas Hemp and Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter and Matthias Schleuning",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1038/s41559-021-01550-9",
language = "English",
journal = "Nature Ecology & Evolution",
issn = "2397-334X",
publisher = "nature publishing group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Species richness is more important for ecosystem functioning than species turnover along an elevational gradient

AU - Albrecht, Jörg

AU - Peters, Marcell K.

AU - Becker, Joscha N.

AU - Behler, Christina

AU - Classen, Alice

AU - Ensslin, Andreas

AU - Ferger, Stefan W.

AU - Gebert, Friederike

AU - Gerschlauer, Friederike

AU - Helbig-Bonitz, Maria

AU - Kindeketa, William J.

AU - Kühnel, Anna

AU - Mayr, Antonia V.

AU - Njovu, Henry K.

AU - Pabst, Holger

AU - Pommer, Ulf

AU - Röder, Juliane

AU - Rutten, Gemma

AU - Schellenberger Costa, David

AU - Sierra-Cornejo, Natalia

AU - Vogeler, Anna

AU - Vollstädt, Maximilian G. R.

AU - Dulle, Hamadi I.

AU - Eardley, Connal D.

AU - Howell, Kim M.

AU - Keller, Alexander

AU - Peters, Ralph S.

AU - Kakengi, Victor

AU - Hemp, Claudia

AU - Zhang, Jie

AU - Manning, Peter

AU - Mueller, Thomas

AU - Bogner, Christina

AU - Böhning-Gaese, Katrin

AU - Brandl, Roland

AU - Hertel, Dietrich

AU - Huwe, Bernd

AU - Kiese, Ralf

AU - Kleyer, Michael

AU - Leuschner, Christoph

AU - Kuzyakov, Yakov

AU - Nauss, Thomas

AU - Tschapka, Marco

AU - Fischer, Markus

AU - Hemp, Andreas

AU - Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf

AU - Schleuning, Matthias

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.

PY - 2021/9/20

Y1 - 2021/9/20

N2 - Many experiments have shown that biodiversity enhances ecosystem functioning. However, we have little understanding of how environmental heterogeneity shapes the effect of diversity on ecosystem functioning and to what extent this diversity effect is mediated by variation in species richness or species turnover. This knowledge is crucial to scaling up the results of experiments from local to regional scales. Here we quantify the diversity effect and its components—that is, the contributions of variation in species richness and species turnover—for 22 ecosystem functions of microorganisms, plants and animals across 13 major ecosystem types on Mt Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Environmental heterogeneity across ecosystem types on average increased the diversity effect from explaining 49% to 72% of the variation in ecosystem functions. In contrast to our expectation, the diversity effect was more strongly mediated by variation in species richness than by species turnover. Our findings reveal that environmental heterogeneity strengthens the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and that species richness is a stronger driver of ecosystem functioning than species turnover. Based on a broad range of taxa and ecosystem functions in a non-experimental system, these results are in line with predictions from biodiversity experiments and emphasize that conserving biodiversity is essential for maintaining ecosystem functioning.

AB - Many experiments have shown that biodiversity enhances ecosystem functioning. However, we have little understanding of how environmental heterogeneity shapes the effect of diversity on ecosystem functioning and to what extent this diversity effect is mediated by variation in species richness or species turnover. This knowledge is crucial to scaling up the results of experiments from local to regional scales. Here we quantify the diversity effect and its components—that is, the contributions of variation in species richness and species turnover—for 22 ecosystem functions of microorganisms, plants and animals across 13 major ecosystem types on Mt Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Environmental heterogeneity across ecosystem types on average increased the diversity effect from explaining 49% to 72% of the variation in ecosystem functions. In contrast to our expectation, the diversity effect was more strongly mediated by variation in species richness than by species turnover. Our findings reveal that environmental heterogeneity strengthens the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and that species richness is a stronger driver of ecosystem functioning than species turnover. Based on a broad range of taxa and ecosystem functions in a non-experimental system, these results are in line with predictions from biodiversity experiments and emphasize that conserving biodiversity is essential for maintaining ecosystem functioning.

U2 - 10.1038/s41559-021-01550-9

DO - 10.1038/s41559-021-01550-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34545216

AN - SCOPUS:85115248230

JO - Nature Ecology & Evolution

JF - Nature Ecology & Evolution

SN - 2397-334X

ER -

ID: 280887200