The impacts of land plant evolution on Earth's climate and oxygenation state – An interdisciplinary review

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The impacts of land plant evolution on Earth's climate and oxygenation state – An interdisciplinary review. / Dahl, Tais W.; Arens, Susanne K.M.

In: Chemical Geology, Vol. 547, 119665, 05.08.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Dahl, TW & Arens, SKM 2020, 'The impacts of land plant evolution on Earth's climate and oxygenation state – An interdisciplinary review', Chemical Geology, vol. 547, 119665. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119665

APA

Dahl, T. W., & Arens, S. K. M. (2020). The impacts of land plant evolution on Earth's climate and oxygenation state – An interdisciplinary review. Chemical Geology, 547, [119665]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119665

Vancouver

Dahl TW, Arens SKM. The impacts of land plant evolution on Earth's climate and oxygenation state – An interdisciplinary review. Chemical Geology. 2020 Aug 5;547. 119665. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119665

Author

Dahl, Tais W. ; Arens, Susanne K.M. / The impacts of land plant evolution on Earth's climate and oxygenation state – An interdisciplinary review. In: Chemical Geology. 2020 ; Vol. 547.

Bibtex

@article{31ab4d7f7fd04a2a8625ebcfa6499e83,
title = "The impacts of land plant evolution on Earth's climate and oxygenation state – An interdisciplinary review",
abstract = "The Paleozoic emergence of terrestrial plants has been linked to a stepwise increase in Earth's O2 levels and a cooling of Earth's climate by drawdown of atmospheric CO2. Vegetation affects the Earth's O2 and CO2 levels in multiple ways, including preferential organic carbon preservation by decay-resistant biopolymers (e.g. lignin) and changing the continental weathering regime that governs oceanic nutrient supply and marine biological production. Over shorter time scales (≤1 Myr), land plant evolution is hypothesized to have occasionally enhanced P weathering and fertilized the oceans, expanding marine anoxia and causing marine extinctions. Oceanic anoxia would eventually become limited by oceanic O2 uptake as oxygen accumulates in the atmosphere and surface oceans when excess organic carbon is buried in marine sediments. Here, we review hypotheses and evidence for how the evolving terrestrial ecosystems impacted atmospheric and oceanic O2 and CO2 from the Ordovician and into the Carboniferous (485–298.9 Ma). Five major ecological stages in the terrestrial realm occurred during the prolonged time interval when land was colonized by plants, animals and fungi, marked by the evolution of 1) non-vascular plants, 2) vascular plants with lignified tissue, 3) plants with shallow roots, 4) arborescent and perennial vegetation with deep and complex root systems, and 5) seed plants. The prediction that land vegetation profoundly impacted the Earth system is justified, although it is still debated how the individual transitions affected the Earth's O2 and CO2 levels. The geological record preserves multiple lines of indirect evidence for environmental transitions that can help us to reconstruct and quantify global controls on Earth's oxygenation and climate state.",
keywords = "Climate, Early land plants, Earth history, Oxygenation, Soils, Terrestrialization",
author = "Dahl, {Tais W.} and Arens, {Susanne K.M.}",
year = "2020",
month = "8",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119665",
language = "English",
volume = "547",
journal = "Chemical Geology",
issn = "0009-2541",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impacts of land plant evolution on Earth's climate and oxygenation state – An interdisciplinary review

AU - Dahl, Tais W.

AU - Arens, Susanne K.M.

PY - 2020/8/5

Y1 - 2020/8/5

N2 - The Paleozoic emergence of terrestrial plants has been linked to a stepwise increase in Earth's O2 levels and a cooling of Earth's climate by drawdown of atmospheric CO2. Vegetation affects the Earth's O2 and CO2 levels in multiple ways, including preferential organic carbon preservation by decay-resistant biopolymers (e.g. lignin) and changing the continental weathering regime that governs oceanic nutrient supply and marine biological production. Over shorter time scales (≤1 Myr), land plant evolution is hypothesized to have occasionally enhanced P weathering and fertilized the oceans, expanding marine anoxia and causing marine extinctions. Oceanic anoxia would eventually become limited by oceanic O2 uptake as oxygen accumulates in the atmosphere and surface oceans when excess organic carbon is buried in marine sediments. Here, we review hypotheses and evidence for how the evolving terrestrial ecosystems impacted atmospheric and oceanic O2 and CO2 from the Ordovician and into the Carboniferous (485–298.9 Ma). Five major ecological stages in the terrestrial realm occurred during the prolonged time interval when land was colonized by plants, animals and fungi, marked by the evolution of 1) non-vascular plants, 2) vascular plants with lignified tissue, 3) plants with shallow roots, 4) arborescent and perennial vegetation with deep and complex root systems, and 5) seed plants. The prediction that land vegetation profoundly impacted the Earth system is justified, although it is still debated how the individual transitions affected the Earth's O2 and CO2 levels. The geological record preserves multiple lines of indirect evidence for environmental transitions that can help us to reconstruct and quantify global controls on Earth's oxygenation and climate state.

AB - The Paleozoic emergence of terrestrial plants has been linked to a stepwise increase in Earth's O2 levels and a cooling of Earth's climate by drawdown of atmospheric CO2. Vegetation affects the Earth's O2 and CO2 levels in multiple ways, including preferential organic carbon preservation by decay-resistant biopolymers (e.g. lignin) and changing the continental weathering regime that governs oceanic nutrient supply and marine biological production. Over shorter time scales (≤1 Myr), land plant evolution is hypothesized to have occasionally enhanced P weathering and fertilized the oceans, expanding marine anoxia and causing marine extinctions. Oceanic anoxia would eventually become limited by oceanic O2 uptake as oxygen accumulates in the atmosphere and surface oceans when excess organic carbon is buried in marine sediments. Here, we review hypotheses and evidence for how the evolving terrestrial ecosystems impacted atmospheric and oceanic O2 and CO2 from the Ordovician and into the Carboniferous (485–298.9 Ma). Five major ecological stages in the terrestrial realm occurred during the prolonged time interval when land was colonized by plants, animals and fungi, marked by the evolution of 1) non-vascular plants, 2) vascular plants with lignified tissue, 3) plants with shallow roots, 4) arborescent and perennial vegetation with deep and complex root systems, and 5) seed plants. The prediction that land vegetation profoundly impacted the Earth system is justified, although it is still debated how the individual transitions affected the Earth's O2 and CO2 levels. The geological record preserves multiple lines of indirect evidence for environmental transitions that can help us to reconstruct and quantify global controls on Earth's oxygenation and climate state.

KW - Climate

KW - Early land plants

KW - Earth history

KW - Oxygenation

KW - Soils

KW - Terrestrialization

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119665

DO - 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.119665

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85084959639

VL - 547

JO - Chemical Geology

JF - Chemical Geology

SN - 0009-2541

M1 - 119665

ER -

ID: 242288170