The prehistoric peopling of Southeast Asia
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
The human occupation history of Southeast Asia (SEA) remains heavily debated. Current evidence suggests that SEA was occupied by Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers until ~4000 years ago, when farming economies developed and expanded, restricting foraging groups to remote habitats. Some argue that agricultural development was indigenous; others favor the "two-layer" hypothesis that posits a southward expansion of farmers giving rise to present-day Southeast Asian genetic diversity. By sequencing 26 ancient human genomes (25 from SEA, 1 Japanese Jōmon), we show that neither interpretation fits the complexity of Southeast Asian history: Both Hòabìnhian hunter-gatherers and East Asian farmers contributed to current Southeast Asian diversity, with further migrations affecting island SEA and Vietnam. Our results help resolve one of the long-standing controversies in Southeast Asian prehistory.
|Journal||Science (New York, N.Y.)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Jul 2018|
- Asia, Southeastern, Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics, DNA, Ancient, Genetic Variation, Genome, Human, History, Ancient, Human Migration/history, Humans, Population/genetics, Sequence Analysis, DNA