Disentangling host–microbiota complexity through hologenomics

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Research on animal–microbiota interactions has become a central topic in biological sciences because of its relevance to basic eco-evolutionary processes and applied questions in agriculture and health. However, animal hosts and their associated microbial communities are still seldom studied in a systemic fashion. Hologenomics, the integrated study of the genetic features of a eukaryotic host alongside that of its associated microbes, is becoming a feasible — yet still underexploited — approach that overcomes this limitation. Acknowledging the biological and genetic properties of both hosts and microbes, along with the advantages and disadvantages of implemented techniques, is essential for designing optimal studies that enable some of the major questions in biology to be addressed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Reviews Genetics
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)281-297
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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