Perspectives on area-based conservation and its meaning for future biodiversity policy

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  • cobi.13509

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  • Nina Bhola
  • Helen Klimmek
  • Naomi Kingston
  • Burgess, Neil David
  • Arnout van Soesbergen
  • Colleen Corrigan
  • Jerry Harrison
  • Marcel T. J. Kok

During 2021, Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) are expected to meet in Kunming, China, to agree on a new global biodiversity framework aimed at halting and reversing biodiversity loss, encouraging the sustainable use of biodiversity, and ensuring the equitable sharing of its benefits. As the post-2020 global biodiversity framework evolves, parties to the convention are being exposed to a range of perspectives on the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, relating to the future framework as a whole or to aspects of it. Area-based conservation measures are one such aspect, and there are diverse perspectives on how new targets might be framed in relation to these measures. These perspectives represent different outlooks on the relationship between human and nonhuman life on Earth. However, in most cases there is a lack of clarity on how they would be implemented in practice, the implications this would have for biodiversity and human well-being, and how they would contribute to achieving the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity of "living in harmony with nature." We sought to clarify these issues by summarizing some of these perspectives in relation to the future of area-based biodiversity conservation. We identified these perspectives through a review of the literature and expert consultation workshops and compiled them into 4 main groups: Aichi+, ambitious area-based conservation perspectives, new conservation, and whole-earth conservation. We found that although the perspectives Aichi+ and whole earth are in some cases at odds with one another, they also have commonalities, and all perspectives have elements that can contribute to developing and implementing the post-2020 global biodiversity framework and achieving the longer term CBD 2050 Vision.

Original languageEnglish
JournalConservation Biology
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)168-178
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Research areas

  • biodiversity, perspectives, protected areas, areas protegidas, biodiversidad, perspectivas, (sic)(sic), (sic)(sic)(sic)(sic)(sic), (sic)(sic)(sic), PROTECTED AREAS, ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, WHOLE EARTH, HALF-EARTH, MANAGEMENT, LAND, NEEDS

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