Universal Dermal Microbiome in Human Skin

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Universal Dermal Microbiome in Human Skin. / Bay, Lene; Barnes, Christopher James; Fritz, Blaine Gabriel; Thorsen, Jonathan; Restrup, Marlene Elise Møller; Rasmussen, Linett; Sørensen, Johan Kløvgaard; Hesselvig, Anne Brun; Odgaard, Anders; Hansen, Anders Johannes; Bjarnsholt, Thomas.

In: mBio, Vol. 11, No. 1, e02945-19, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bay, L, Barnes, CJ, Fritz, BG, Thorsen, J, Restrup, MEM, Rasmussen, L, Sørensen, JK, Hesselvig, AB, Odgaard, A, Hansen, AJ & Bjarnsholt, T 2020, 'Universal Dermal Microbiome in Human Skin', mBio, vol. 11, no. 1, e02945-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.02945-19

APA

Bay, L., Barnes, C. J., Fritz, B. G., Thorsen, J., Restrup, M. E. M., Rasmussen, L., ... Bjarnsholt, T. (2020). Universal Dermal Microbiome in Human Skin. mBio, 11(1), [e02945-19]. https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.02945-19

Vancouver

Bay L, Barnes CJ, Fritz BG, Thorsen J, Restrup MEM, Rasmussen L et al. Universal Dermal Microbiome in Human Skin. mBio. 2020;11(1). e02945-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.02945-19

Author

Bay, Lene ; Barnes, Christopher James ; Fritz, Blaine Gabriel ; Thorsen, Jonathan ; Restrup, Marlene Elise Møller ; Rasmussen, Linett ; Sørensen, Johan Kløvgaard ; Hesselvig, Anne Brun ; Odgaard, Anders ; Hansen, Anders Johannes ; Bjarnsholt, Thomas. / Universal Dermal Microbiome in Human Skin. In: mBio. 2020 ; Vol. 11, No. 1.

Bibtex

@article{9144279ac02743658aee4ddfa42baa9a,
title = "Universal Dermal Microbiome in Human Skin",
abstract = "Human skin microbiota has been described as a {"}microbial fingerprint{"} due to observed differences between individuals. Current understanding of the cutaneous microbiota is based on sampling the outermost layers of the epidermis, while the microbiota in the remaining skin layers has not yet been fully characterized. Environmental conditions can vary drastically between the cutaneous compartments and give rise to unique communities. We demonstrate that the dermal microbiota is surprisingly similar among individuals and contains a specific subset of the epidermal microbiota. Variability in bacterial community composition decreased significantly from the epidermal to the dermal compartment but was similar among anatomic locations (hip and knee). The composition of the epidermal microbiota was more strongly affected by environmental factors than that of the dermal community. These results indicate a well-conserved dermal community that is functionally distinct from the epidermal community, challenging the current dogma. Future studies in cutaneous disorders and chronic infections may benefit by focusing on the dermal microbiota as a persistent microbial community.IMPORTANCE Human skin microbiota is thought to be unique according to the individual's lifestyle and genetic predisposition. This is true for the epidermal microbiota, while our findings demonstrate that the dermal microbiota is universal between healthy individuals. The preserved dermal microbial community is compositionally unique and functionally distinct to the specific environment in the depth of human skin. It is expected to have direct contact with the immune response of the human host, and research in the communication between host and microbiota should be targeted to this cutaneous compartment. This novel insight into specific microbial adaptation can be used advantageously in the research of chronic disorders and infections of the skin. It can enlighten the alteration between health and disease to the benefit of patients suffering from long-lasting socioeconomic illnesses.",
keywords = "16S rRNA genes, cutaneous compartments, dermal microbiota, DNA sequencing, dry habitat, skin biopsies, skin microbiome",
author = "Lene Bay and Barnes, {Christopher James} and Fritz, {Blaine Gabriel} and Jonathan Thorsen and Restrup, {Marlene Elise M{\o}ller} and Linett Rasmussen and S{\o}rensen, {Johan Kl{\o}vgaard} and Hesselvig, {Anne Brun} and Anders Odgaard and Hansen, {Anders Johannes} and Thomas Bjarnsholt",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1128/mBio.02945-19",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "mBio",
issn = "2161-2129",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Universal Dermal Microbiome in Human Skin

AU - Bay, Lene

AU - Barnes, Christopher James

AU - Fritz, Blaine Gabriel

AU - Thorsen, Jonathan

AU - Restrup, Marlene Elise Møller

AU - Rasmussen, Linett

AU - Sørensen, Johan Kløvgaard

AU - Hesselvig, Anne Brun

AU - Odgaard, Anders

AU - Hansen, Anders Johannes

AU - Bjarnsholt, Thomas

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Human skin microbiota has been described as a "microbial fingerprint" due to observed differences between individuals. Current understanding of the cutaneous microbiota is based on sampling the outermost layers of the epidermis, while the microbiota in the remaining skin layers has not yet been fully characterized. Environmental conditions can vary drastically between the cutaneous compartments and give rise to unique communities. We demonstrate that the dermal microbiota is surprisingly similar among individuals and contains a specific subset of the epidermal microbiota. Variability in bacterial community composition decreased significantly from the epidermal to the dermal compartment but was similar among anatomic locations (hip and knee). The composition of the epidermal microbiota was more strongly affected by environmental factors than that of the dermal community. These results indicate a well-conserved dermal community that is functionally distinct from the epidermal community, challenging the current dogma. Future studies in cutaneous disorders and chronic infections may benefit by focusing on the dermal microbiota as a persistent microbial community.IMPORTANCE Human skin microbiota is thought to be unique according to the individual's lifestyle and genetic predisposition. This is true for the epidermal microbiota, while our findings demonstrate that the dermal microbiota is universal between healthy individuals. The preserved dermal microbial community is compositionally unique and functionally distinct to the specific environment in the depth of human skin. It is expected to have direct contact with the immune response of the human host, and research in the communication between host and microbiota should be targeted to this cutaneous compartment. This novel insight into specific microbial adaptation can be used advantageously in the research of chronic disorders and infections of the skin. It can enlighten the alteration between health and disease to the benefit of patients suffering from long-lasting socioeconomic illnesses.

AB - Human skin microbiota has been described as a "microbial fingerprint" due to observed differences between individuals. Current understanding of the cutaneous microbiota is based on sampling the outermost layers of the epidermis, while the microbiota in the remaining skin layers has not yet been fully characterized. Environmental conditions can vary drastically between the cutaneous compartments and give rise to unique communities. We demonstrate that the dermal microbiota is surprisingly similar among individuals and contains a specific subset of the epidermal microbiota. Variability in bacterial community composition decreased significantly from the epidermal to the dermal compartment but was similar among anatomic locations (hip and knee). The composition of the epidermal microbiota was more strongly affected by environmental factors than that of the dermal community. These results indicate a well-conserved dermal community that is functionally distinct from the epidermal community, challenging the current dogma. Future studies in cutaneous disorders and chronic infections may benefit by focusing on the dermal microbiota as a persistent microbial community.IMPORTANCE Human skin microbiota is thought to be unique according to the individual's lifestyle and genetic predisposition. This is true for the epidermal microbiota, while our findings demonstrate that the dermal microbiota is universal between healthy individuals. The preserved dermal microbial community is compositionally unique and functionally distinct to the specific environment in the depth of human skin. It is expected to have direct contact with the immune response of the human host, and research in the communication between host and microbiota should be targeted to this cutaneous compartment. This novel insight into specific microbial adaptation can be used advantageously in the research of chronic disorders and infections of the skin. It can enlighten the alteration between health and disease to the benefit of patients suffering from long-lasting socioeconomic illnesses.

KW - 16S rRNA genes

KW - cutaneous compartments

KW - dermal microbiota

KW - DNA sequencing

KW - dry habitat

KW - skin biopsies

KW - skin microbiome

U2 - 10.1128/mBio.02945-19

DO - 10.1128/mBio.02945-19

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32047129

AN - SCOPUS:85079339449

VL - 11

JO - mBio

JF - mBio

SN - 2161-2129

IS - 1

M1 - e02945-19

ER -

ID: 236721352