Nuclear Gene Indicates Coat-Color Polymorphism in Mammoths

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Holger Römpler
  • Nadin Rohland
  • Carles Lalueza-Fox
  • Willerslev, Eske
  • Tatyana Kuznetsova
  • Gernot Rabeder
  • Jaume Bertranpetit
  • Torsten Schöneberg
  • Michael Hofreiter
By amplifying the melanocortin type 1 receptor from the woolly mammoth, we can report the complete nucleotide sequence of a nuclear-encoded gene from an extinct species. We found two alleles and show that one allele produces a functional protein whereas the other one encodes a protein with strongly reduced activity. This finding suggests that mammoths may have been polymorphic in coat color, with both dark- and light-haired individuals co-occurring.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number5783
Pages (from-to)62
Publication statusPublished - 2006

ID: 1098392