The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum

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The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum. / Larsen, Nicolaj Krog; Kjær, Kurt H.; Lecavalier, Benoit; Bjørk, Anders Anker; Colding, Sune Oluf; Huybrechts, Philippe; Jakobsen, Karina Elbrønd; Kjeldsen, Kristian Kjellerup; Knudsen, Karen Luise; Odgaard, Bent Vad; Olsen, Jesper.

In: Geology, Vol. 43, No. 4, 2015, p. 291-294.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Larsen, NK, Kjær, KH, Lecavalier, B, Bjørk, AA, Colding, SO, Huybrechts, P, Jakobsen, KE, Kjeldsen, KK, Knudsen, KL, Odgaard, BV & Olsen, J 2015, 'The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum', Geology, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 291-294. https://doi.org/10.1130/G36476.1

APA

Larsen, N. K., Kjær, K. H., Lecavalier, B., Bjørk, A. A., Colding, S. O., Huybrechts, P., ... Olsen, J. (2015). The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum. Geology, 43(4), 291-294. https://doi.org/10.1130/G36476.1

Vancouver

Larsen NK, Kjær KH, Lecavalier B, Bjørk AA, Colding SO, Huybrechts P et al. The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum. Geology. 2015;43(4):291-294. https://doi.org/10.1130/G36476.1

Author

Larsen, Nicolaj Krog ; Kjær, Kurt H. ; Lecavalier, Benoit ; Bjørk, Anders Anker ; Colding, Sune Oluf ; Huybrechts, Philippe ; Jakobsen, Karina Elbrønd ; Kjeldsen, Kristian Kjellerup ; Knudsen, Karen Luise ; Odgaard, Bent Vad ; Olsen, Jesper. / The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum. In: Geology. 2015 ; Vol. 43, No. 4. pp. 291-294.

Bibtex

@article{768239caad39424c807275a097b7a3c8,
title = "The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum",
abstract = "To determine the long-term sensitivity of the Greenland ice sheet to a warmer climate, we explored how it responded to the Holocene thermal maximum (8–5 cal. kyr B.P.; calibrated to calendar years before present, i.e., A.D. 1950), when lake records show that local atmospheric temperatures in Greenland were 2–4 °C warmer than the present. Records from five new threshold lakes complemented with existing geological data from south of 70°N show that the ice margin was retracted behind its present-day extent in all sectors for a limited period between ca. 7 and 4 cal. kyr B.P. and in most sectors from ca. 1.5 to 1 cal. kyr B.P., in response to higher atmospheric and ocean temperatures. Ice sheet simulations constrained by observations show good correlation with the timing of minimum ice volume indicated by the threshold lake observations; the simulated volume reduction suggests a minimum contribution of 0.16 m sea-level equivalent from the entire Greenland ice sheet, with a centennial ice loss rate of as much as 100 Gt/yr for several millennia during the Holocene thermal maximum. Our results provide an estimate of the long-term rates of volume loss that can be expected in the future as regional air and ocean temperatures approach those reconstructed for the Holocene thermal maximum.",
author = "Larsen, {Nicolaj Krog} and Kj{\ae}r, {Kurt H.} and Benoit Lecavalier and Bj{\o}rk, {Anders Anker} and Colding, {Sune Oluf} and Philippe Huybrechts and Jakobsen, {Karina Elbr{\o}nd} and Kjeldsen, {Kristian Kjellerup} and Knudsen, {Karen Luise} and Odgaard, {Bent Vad} and Jesper Olsen",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1130/G36476.1",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "291--294",
journal = "Geology",
issn = "0091-7613",
publisher = "GeoScienceWorld",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The response of the southern Greenland ice sheet to the Holocene thermal maximum

AU - Larsen, Nicolaj Krog

AU - Kjær, Kurt H.

AU - Lecavalier, Benoit

AU - Bjørk, Anders Anker

AU - Colding, Sune Oluf

AU - Huybrechts, Philippe

AU - Jakobsen, Karina Elbrønd

AU - Kjeldsen, Kristian Kjellerup

AU - Knudsen, Karen Luise

AU - Odgaard, Bent Vad

AU - Olsen, Jesper

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - To determine the long-term sensitivity of the Greenland ice sheet to a warmer climate, we explored how it responded to the Holocene thermal maximum (8–5 cal. kyr B.P.; calibrated to calendar years before present, i.e., A.D. 1950), when lake records show that local atmospheric temperatures in Greenland were 2–4 °C warmer than the present. Records from five new threshold lakes complemented with existing geological data from south of 70°N show that the ice margin was retracted behind its present-day extent in all sectors for a limited period between ca. 7 and 4 cal. kyr B.P. and in most sectors from ca. 1.5 to 1 cal. kyr B.P., in response to higher atmospheric and ocean temperatures. Ice sheet simulations constrained by observations show good correlation with the timing of minimum ice volume indicated by the threshold lake observations; the simulated volume reduction suggests a minimum contribution of 0.16 m sea-level equivalent from the entire Greenland ice sheet, with a centennial ice loss rate of as much as 100 Gt/yr for several millennia during the Holocene thermal maximum. Our results provide an estimate of the long-term rates of volume loss that can be expected in the future as regional air and ocean temperatures approach those reconstructed for the Holocene thermal maximum.

AB - To determine the long-term sensitivity of the Greenland ice sheet to a warmer climate, we explored how it responded to the Holocene thermal maximum (8–5 cal. kyr B.P.; calibrated to calendar years before present, i.e., A.D. 1950), when lake records show that local atmospheric temperatures in Greenland were 2–4 °C warmer than the present. Records from five new threshold lakes complemented with existing geological data from south of 70°N show that the ice margin was retracted behind its present-day extent in all sectors for a limited period between ca. 7 and 4 cal. kyr B.P. and in most sectors from ca. 1.5 to 1 cal. kyr B.P., in response to higher atmospheric and ocean temperatures. Ice sheet simulations constrained by observations show good correlation with the timing of minimum ice volume indicated by the threshold lake observations; the simulated volume reduction suggests a minimum contribution of 0.16 m sea-level equivalent from the entire Greenland ice sheet, with a centennial ice loss rate of as much as 100 Gt/yr for several millennia during the Holocene thermal maximum. Our results provide an estimate of the long-term rates of volume loss that can be expected in the future as regional air and ocean temperatures approach those reconstructed for the Holocene thermal maximum.

U2 - 10.1130/G36476.1

DO - 10.1130/G36476.1

M3 - Journal article

VL - 43

SP - 291

EP - 294

JO - Geology

JF - Geology

SN - 0091-7613

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 134998272